The annual meeting of the Israeli-European Policy Network (IEPN) in Israel focused on the obstacles to peace fifty years after the Six-Day War (1967) and the role of the EU and the international community in removing these obstacles and preserving the prospects for peace. Fifty years since the 1967 war, mentions of peace have almost disappeared from the public and political discussion. Ever since a gradual internationalization of the continued existence of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is observable. The political dynamics between the Israeli government and the Palestinian Authority (PA) have been constantly changing and the EU, as well as the international community, have had to continually modify their policies and initiatives to promote peace between Israelis and Palestinians. In spite of many attempts of the international community and the EU, a permanent solution of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict has not yet been achieved. The European responsibility towards the region, due to historical colonialism and other forms of interference, together with the weakening of the United States as a key player in this context, creates a proper environment for the EU to increase its involvement in trying to resolve the conflict and to step up as a leading actor in Middle East conflict resolution.